On Wednesday, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that Malaria had been eradicated from Algeria and Argentina. It is a significant achievement in the mission to fight against the mosquito-borne illness. After the certification, Algeria has become the second country from WHO’s Africa Territory to achieve malaria-free status. As per WHO, Mauritius is the first country, since 1973, to have a malaria-free status. WHO noted there were now 38 countries and territories that have been declared free of the disease. Thus Algeria has joined 37 other countries globally that have gained WHO’s ‘Malaria-free’ certification.
As per WHO’s World Malaria Report, no locally transmitted cases were reported across Argentina (as of 2010) and in Algeria (as of 2013). The health agency notes counties must go a minimum of three years without local transmission of malaria to achieve the tag of a disease-free nation. Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO’s a regional director for Africa, said Algeria has revealed that malaria can be defeated through country leadership, bold steps, good investment and science. The official said Algeria is the country where malaria parasite was found in humans before almost 150 years ago. Thus the rest of the continent can learn from the latest achievement of the country.
WHO noted that properly trained health workforce, appropriate supply for diagnosis and treatment through global healthcare helped Algeria to achieve the milestone. Besides, quick response to disease epidemics has a major contribution to the victory. Although, Malaria is a parasitic disease which spreads through the bite of female Anopheles mosquitoes. Thankfully, the disease is both avoidable and treatable. As of 2017, 219 million malaria cases were reported across the globe. According to WHO, 400,000 people died due to malaria-related diseases. To carb malaria WHO announced a large-scale project in three African countries. At the time the health agency promised to start vaccinating about 360,000 children per year with the world’s first-ever malaria vaccine.
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